Vein disease is a common problem affecting millions of people all across the country. Here is some basic information about vein disease to help you understand how it affects your life and what you can do about it.
Vein disease occurs when your veins no longer look normal and/or function properly. The most common cause of vein disease is known as venous insufficiency or venous reflux. This condition develops when the valves that prevent blood from flowing backwards within one or more veins fail. This allows blood to pool in the veins, leading to a number of symptoms.
Anyone can get vein disease, but you are more likely to develop this condition if you are obese, female and/or pregnant. The risk of vein disease also increases with age.
Symptoms of Vein Disease
Two types of abnormal veins can develop in patients with vein disease: spider veins and varicose veins. Spider veins usually appear as small, web-like veins that are purple, blue or red. They are rarely raised above the skin’s surface and don’t typically cause any additional symptoms. Varicose veins, on the other hand, are larger veins that may be gnarled or swollen and tend to appear in the legs. They may be raised above the skin’s surface, and they may also be uncomfortable. Patients with varicose veins often report cramping, tingling, numbness, throbbing, weakness and restlessness associated with this condition.
Vein Disease Treatment Options
The treatment options for people suffering from vein disease include:
- Conservative treatment. – Conservative treatment options for abnormal veins include compression, elevation of the legs, exercise and weight loss.
- Foam sclerotherapy. – Foam sclerotherapy is a treatment option designed for spider veins that involves the introduction of a foam sclerosant into the vein by injection.
- Liquid sclerotherapy. – Liquid sclerotherapy is a treatment option designed for spider veins that involves the introduction of a liquid sclerosant into the vein by injection.
- Endovenous laser therapy. – Endovenous laser therapy is a procedure that utilizes laser energy to seal off varicose veins.
- Radiofrequency ablation. – Radiofrequency ablation is a procedure that uses radiofrequency energy to seal off varicose veins.
- Microphlebectomy. – Microphlebectomy involves the complete removal of varicose veins from the body using small surgical hooks. This treatment option is best for superficial varicose veins.
Choosing a Treatment Option
If you are suffering from vein disease, the best way to find the right treatment option for you is to visit a vein specialist.